Converting commercial Handknitting Yarns. example for balanced plain weave

Yds/Lb Wool Yds/Lb Cotton

Wraps per "

WPI / 2 Sett
Lace weight 2500+ 2500+ 35 + 36/2 18 epi
Fingering weight 1675-2100 1600-2000 19-22 20/2 10 epi
Sport weight 1350-1650 1350-1550 15-18 16/2 8 epi
Double Knit DK 1100-1300 1000-1300 12-14 12/2 6 epi
Worsted weight 900-1100 650-850 9-11 10/2 5 epi
Bulky weight 500-800 400-600 8 or less 8/2 4 epi
Determine sett using wraps per inch for weaving a weft face, warp face or balanced weave fabric.

WPI, wraps per inch. EPI, Ends per inch
Balanced plain weave, WPI / 2 = EPI
Warp face plain weave, WPI X 2 = EPI
Weft face plain weave: WPI / 3 = EPI
Balanced 2/2 twill: WPI x 2/3 = EPI


Warp Sett Substitution Chart

Order of Sley
in Reed

Reed Size in Dents per Inch

5

6

8

10

12

15

18

20

0-0-1

2

2

3

3

4

5

6

7

0-1

2 1/2

3

4

5

6

7 1/2

9

10

0-1-1

3

4

5

7

8

10

12

13

0-1-1-1

4

4 1/2

6

7 1/2

9

11 1/2

13 1/2

15

1

5

6

8

10

12

15

18

20

1-1-1-2

6

7 1/2

10

12 1/2

15

19

22 1/2

25

1-1-2

7

8

11

13

16

20

24

27

1-2

7 1/2

9

12

15

18

22 1/2

27

30

1-2-2

8

10

13

17

20

25

30

33

1-2-2-2

9

10 1/2

14

17 1/2

21

26

31 1/2

35

2

10

12

16

20

24

30

36

40

2-2-2-3

11

13 1/2

18

22 1/2

27

34

40 1/2

45

2-2-3

12

14

19

23

28

35

42

47

2-3

12 1/2

15

20

25

30

37 1/2

45

50

2-3-3

13

16

21

27

32

40

48

53

2-3-3-3

14

16 1/2

22

27 1/2

33

41

49 1/2

55

3

15

18

24

30

36

45

54

60

3-3-3-4

16

19 1/2

26

32 1/2

39

49

58 1/2

65

3-3-4

17

20

27

33

40

50

60

67

3-4

17 1/2

21

28

35

42

52 1/2

63

70

3-4-4

18

22

29

37

44

55

66

73

4

20

24

32

40

48

60

72

80

4-4-5

22

26

35

43

52

65

78

87

4-5-5

23

28

37

47

56

70

84

93

5

25

30

40

50

60

75

90

100